A Glimpse into Ramadan Traditions Around the World

Written by Meher Aamir and Tamarah Al Obaidi

As many of you already know, Ramadan is a religious month that Muslims from all around the world participate in. During this time, Muslims not only fast but countries around the world partake in various lively traditions during this holy month. Stay tuned to learn more about the unique ways that different countries celebrate Ramadan, as well as similar traditions that many countries share!


Throughout Ramadan, conversations and preparations for Eid occur daily. Buying new clothes and accessories can be a long, yet enjoyable activity for many families. The traditional Eid clothing for those of Pakistan is a very shiny and elegant suit with multiple patterns or embroidery on it. On the night of Eid, women come together to prepare for the celebration by putting on mehndi, commonly known as henna. Many women go all-out by pampering themselves. After all, this is a celebration that Muslims look forward to all year! 


Indonesian fashion during Ramadan is astounding. Women spend up to $500 on silk chiffon kaftans with matching head scarfs, tailored to perfectly suit their desires. The kaftan is embroidered with beautiful designs and has other decorations like beads! Takbiran is a celebration performed in Indonesia on the eve of Eid to celebrate the ending of Ramadan. Songs and drums are all you hear throughout the evening with the excited chatter of Muslims. Religious prayers and sermons are also performed publicly, remembering God in their time of happiness. 


Iraq is a diverse country, therefore some traditional clothes may look similar but not quite the same. For example, Arab Iraqi men wear a long white dishdasha which is a gown-like, ankle-length, long-sleeved garment with a kaffiyeh (scarf) to cover their heads and an aba (outer cloak) on top of their dishdasha. On the other hand, Kurdish men wear baggy pants, and plain shirts with vests or coats worn over them. This outfit is finished off with a wide belt or sash tied around the waist. Arab Iraqi women wear brightly coloured dresses along with lots of jewellery and at times a hijab to cover their hair, which is optional. Kurdish Iraqi women wear long brightly coloured dresses or gowns with a jacket or a vest on top and like Arab Iraqi women, Kurdish Iraqi women also like to wear lots of jewellery. 


Turkey is known for its beautiful and luxurious traditional clothing. In Ramadan, Turkish women wear bright coloured gowns and dresses along with an open robe. Turkish women usually wear a luxurious accessory on their head and wealthier women wear crowns. Turkish men wear baggy pants called “şalvar.” The men also wear a loose coat with their şalvar along with a wide belt. A red small cylindrical peakless-shaped hat called “Fez” is worn to finish off the look. 


  1. Hays, Jeffrey. “RAMADAN and LEBARAN (EID) in INDONESIA | Facts and Details.” Factsanddetails.com, 2013, factsanddetails.com/indonesia/History_and_Religion/sub6_1e/entry-3981.html. Accessed 29 Apr. 2021.
  2. ‌https://www.facebook.com/lifeinbigtent. “Ramadhan and Lebaran in Indonesia | Life in Big Tent.” Life in Big Tent, 29 Dec. 2020, lifeinbigtent.com/ramadhan-and-lebaran-in-indonesia/#Lebaran%20(Idul%20Fitri). Accessed 29 Apr. 2021.
  3. ‌Ramadan Remembered – Ramadan | Epicurious.com | Epicurious.com. “Ramadan Remembered – Ramadan | Epicurious.com.” Epicurious, 2014, www.epicurious.com/archive/holidays/ramadan/pakistan_siddiqui. Accessed 29 Apr. 2021.
  4. https://thekurdishproject.org/history-and-culture/kurdish-culture/kurdish-dress/
  5. https://www.reference.com/world-view/traditional-clothing-iraq-a876d0388f36ba45
Thomson, KarrieA Glimpse into Ramadan Traditions Around the World